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Nearly half of all of the violence visited on African migrants throughout their journey to the Mediterranean coast is perpetrated by legislation enforcers, the United Nations refugee company UNHCR mentioned on Wednesday.
According to a report by UNHCR and the Danish Refugee Council’s Mixed Migration Centre (MMC), 1000’s of refugees and migrants endure excessive abuse together with torture and sexual or gender-based violence, and in some circumstances loss of life.
The report relies on practically 16,000 interviews with refugees and migrants.
“In 47% of the cases, the victims reported the perpetrators of violence are law enforcement authorities, whereas in the past, we believe that it was mainly smugglers and traffickers,” Vincent Cochetel, UNHCR particular envoy for the central Mediterranean, informed a information convention in Geneva.
“States have a responsibility that they need to discharge in that respect.”
UNHCR reported that 1,750 folks had died in 2018 and 2019 attempting to achieve the ocean, however Cochetel mentioned the true numbers have been prone to be increased.
“That is just the visible tip of the iceberg. There are many families looking for their loved ones along the routes, and there is no answer to give them,” he mentioned.
In current months, a whole bunch of migrants have been stopped at sea and despatched again to Libya regardless of the danger of violence there.
War-ravaged Libya is a serious transit level for migrants searching for to achieve Europe and now hosts an estimated 654,000 of them, usually dwelling in cramped circumstances with little entry to healthcare.